The Procedure of Splenectomy or Spleen Surgery
Splenectomy surgery has become the standard therapy for benign and serious splenic diseases requiring splenectomy. Various techniques have been described throughout the last three decades regarding spleen removal. The procedure of splenectomy is a minimally invasive method for dealing with the spleen.
Moreover, it has proved safe and practicable and provides effectively noticeable benefits. In addition, it has also confirmed preferred outcomes over open medical surgery. For the demonstration of laparoscopic splenectomy, three patient postures (foremost, semi-lateral, and complete horizontal) have been depicted.
How is Laparoscopic Splenectomy done?
A splenectomy may usually be performed laparoscopically if the spleen is not enormously big. First, the abdomen is inflated with carbon dioxide during general anesthesia to allow your doctors to visualize the operating region. Next, a camera (laparoscope) is inserted into the belly through small incisions, and the image is relayed to video displays for the surgeons to view. Finally, the surgeon uses tiny operating instruments during surgery.
Your surgeon removes all of the spleen’s surrounding attachments. One incision is finally enlarged to roughly 2 cm in length to install the “stapler” to manage the organ’s blood supply (splenic artery and vein). The now-free spleen is placed inside a special drawstring bag brought through the biggest incision. Your spleen is split into tiny bits with your finger inside the bag. The spleen pieces are carried out to pathology for examination.
Open Spleen Removal Surgery
In general, the indicators for the laparoscopic technique are equal to those for open surgery, except for the most atrocious instances when the use of this technology remains debatable. For example, if your spleen is too big, it will be removed openly through a single major incision. On the other hand, scar tissue from previous operations and spleen size may lead your surgeon to choose the open approach. This choice might be taken either before or after surgery. Indeed, if there are bleeding issues, a laparoscopic case may need to be changed to an open case.
Spleen Removal In Children
Splenectomy is a surgical treatment that removes the spleen owing to damage, sickness, malfunction, or accident. In children, the spleen is usually removed to treat blood-related illnesses, including anemia, thalassemia, and ITP (idiopathic thrombocytic purpura). If the spleen has been seriously damaged, it may be removed in an emergency surgery following a catastrophic accident.
Depending on your child’s health, it can take place via a variety of approaches, including:
• Laparoscopic Splenectomy
• Open Splenectomy
• Partial Splenectomy
A child can live a long and active life without a spleen since other organs take up the spleen’s activities. However, the youngster becomes more susceptible to diseases and will get certain extra immunizations to assure his safety. Although the spleen aids in the fight against infections in the body, children may live without it if necessary.
How long does it take for a splenectomy procedure?
The procedure of splenectomy generally takes one to two hours to complete. However, after the spleen removal surgery, the patient needs to be in the hospital just for a few hours for clinical observation. After a laparoscopic splenectomy, the youngster can return home two to three days, whereas open surgery takes four to six days.
After surgery, you will have to stay in the hospital for observation so that doctors can monitor your condition. You will get fluids and pain relievers through an intravenous (IV) line through a vein. Your hospital stay depends on the type of splenectomy you receive. If you have an open splenectomy, you might be discharged within a week. Patients who get a laparoscopic splenectomy frequently stay for less time. The procedure of splenectomy will take four to six weeks to recover. Your surgeon may advise you not to bathe for a few days following surgery to allow the wounds to heal.
What are the long-term spleen removal side effects?
Overwhelming post-splenectomy infection is one of the risks linked with spleen removal side effects. Fortunately, immunizations are available to protect against the most common forms of germs. Your surgeon will prescribe injections to boost your immune system before surgery and months later. Five years later, the patient will get a booster dose. You should also receive a flu vaccination every year. Unfortunately, patients who have had a splenectomy may become ill more often. However, if you become unwell, as evidenced by a high temperature, you should call your physician right once, and antibiotics will be provided.
ALSA Pakistan provides Lahore with the most competent platform of brilliant and experienced laparoscopic surgeons. The leading laparoscopic surgeon in Lahore, Dr. Tahir, provides the satisfactory procedure of splenectomy to concerned patients. He is a specialist in using all the most current and innovative techniques for splenectomy surgery. Furthermore, our highly skilled and caring child surgeon, Dr. Muhammad Mohsin, is in charge of your child at ALSA Pakistan. Furthermore, he is passionate about assuring perfect success and a speedy recovery.