It’s not easy for nurses and other health professionals to deal with complex and difficult patients on a day to day basis and especially for nurses as they have to spend more time with them in order to take care of them. For doing this effectively, during the trainings , they are taught how to think logically in difficult situations and how to respond dynamically against the unknown challenges. This section of mentoring is called “The Clinical Reasoning.”
Under the broad umbrella of clinical reasoning, there are multiple reflection theories that are imparted to the noses such as Driscoll model of reflection, Gibbs model and many others. The driscoll model of reflection is based upon three systematic questions that one can ask after experiencing any situation to analyse and improve the response. On the other hand Gibbs model of reflection focuses on actions and their analysis. Lets study the same in detail in the next section.
Different Stages of Gibbs Reflective Cycle
Gibbs Model of reflection focuses on the concept of Learning by Doing, it gives emphasis on day-to-day learning and enables the practitioner not to repeat the same mistakes the next time, and enables him to make an action plan for the desired result. Gibbs reflective Cycle has six stages i.e Description, Feeling. Evaluation, Conclusions, and Action.
Stage 1: The first part is a description which is how overall experience is achieved after practicing the Gibbs Model.
Stage 2: The second part is feeling i.e how the practitioner felt after doing the Gibbs Model of Reflection.
Stage 3: The third part is an evaluation to evaluate whether the model was right for the desired result.
Stage 4: The fourth part is Analysis i.e to analyse the end result that came after the application of the model.
Stage 5: Conclusion which is the fifth part of the model.
Stage 6: Last but not the least is the Action plan i.e after evaluating all the above parts making an action plan on how one will act if the same situation occurs in future and prepare themselves not to repeat the same mistakes again.
Gibbs Model Of Reflection has proved to be very helpful when tested on Nursing students. They were not only able to reflect on their mistakes but were also able to identify what went wrong, it also made them more confident and aware of their actions. Nursing students who were tested were able to perform better and identify their areas of strength which made them more self-aware and they could see wellness in their patients. They were also able to bring fairness to the Nursing profession as they now knew problems and had a ready action plan to deal with the problems in the future.